Close reading and textual anal analysis requires the ability to understand passages’ meaning and language. To do these, you need to be able to understand what the writer of the material you are reading says and how he does say so.
To be able to perform close reading and textual analysis, you have to either understand, analyse and evaluate. These are the three categories of questions in this exercise.
Understanding means that you comprehend what the writer said and show in your answer to the question such comprehension that you have of the material.
Analysis relates to the aspect of how the author expresses what he means so that what he or she means is able to cross and reach the readers. In other words, the specific manner used by the writer. It is just the description of such method. This will be your answer to questions of the analysis category.
Evaluation refers to how well the author expressed the meaning. This time, it is your comment on the method used by the writer. Answering evaluation category questions is telling how well the author has conveyed what his or her message meant.
To perform close reading and textual analysis, read the whole material first before starting to attempt to think of answers to the questions asked about it.
Take note of the number of marks you can earn for each question.
Do not repeat the question in your answer. It will be a waste of time. Answering questions in the material on which you are performing the reading and analysis is not writing an essay.
Further, in general, use your own words when you answer the questions unless specifically stated otherwise.
The types of questions you will encounter in close reading and textual analysis include “quote,” “refer to” and “use your own words” questions.
Quote type questions require you to give answers which you directly lift from the passage or material.
On the other hand, in “refer to” questions, you should quote and also explain.
Use Your Own Words
With questions which are of the “use your own words” type, you must give an answer in which you rephrase the words of the writer. Never include in your answer a quote from the passage.
STRUCTURING YOUR SENTENCES
You need to be able to know and understand the many different aspects of structuring your sentences. These include punctuation, length of sentence, sentence type and patterns. You will need this in higher English textual analysis.
In punctuation, you will use dash (-), colon (:), semi-colon (;), inverted commas (“”), exclamation mark (!), parenthesis (()) and ellipsis ( …).
The dash is used in introducing an explanation or more information. You can also use it to replace brackets. Example: I was happy – very happy. Example: Mark – the first one to arrive – was the last one to leave.
The colon is used in introducing a list, quotation or summary. Example: There are four phases of matter: solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Example: She said: “Love me tomorrow.” Or I had so much fun: I was excited preparing my pack, enjoyed the trip, loved the destination and returned home with memories.
The semi-colon is used in linking together two ideas which are closely related and may be used in separating the items in a list. Example: The salesman reached his monthly quota; he was able to sell four units of his product. Example: I have a family to feed and finance; friends to find and fetch; and foes to face and fight.
Inverted commas are used for quotations; direct speech; to show a non-literal meaning; “so-called.” Example: This historic personality said, “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Example: Marie requested, “Joe, please lower the volume of the music.” Example: Mark considers Mae as the “one.”
Exclamation marks indicate excitement or urgency. Example: I can’t wait another day to see you!” Example: No, you listen to me!
The capital letter is used for proper nouns and acronyms. It is also used to show importance. Example: Jonie’s Bakeshop Example: Zachary Andrews Example: FLC for Friends and Lovers Club Example: Anthony is The Man when it comes to clutch plays.
The parenthesis means brackets. They are for adding extra information into the sentence. They can be done in the form of commas, dashes or brackets themselves. Information placed inside parentheses should only be additional or extra. This means that even without them, the sentence will still make sense. Example: The employees are surfing the internet (unknown to the supervisor) with websites not related to their job.
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